BOFIT Russia Statistics

Macroeconomic indicators | Fiscal indicators | Monetary indicators Statistics 1990-2007 
Page updated 24 May 2016
Macroeconomic indicators
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 as of
GDP, %-change 8.5 5.2 -7.8 4.5 4.3 3.5 1.3 0.7​ -3.7 -1.2  Q1/16
GDP, RUB billion 33 248 41 277 38 807 46 308 59 698 66 927 71 017 77 945​ 80 804  
GDP, EUR billion1 949 1 133 879 1 150 1 460 1 676 1 677​ 1 530​ 1 187  
GDP, USD billion1 1 300 1 658 1 223 1 525 2 031 2 154 2 229 2 019 1 318  
Industrial production,
%-change y-o-y
6.8 0.6 -10.7 7.3 5.0 3.4 0.4​ 1.7​ -3.4 -0.1  1-4/16
Fixed investments,
%-change y-o-y
23.8 9.5 -13.5 6.3 10.8 6.8 0.8​ -2.7 -8.4 -4.8  Q1/16
Retail sales,
%-change y-o-y
16.1 13.7 -5.1 6.5 7.1 6.3 3.9​ 2.5 -10.0 -5.2  1-4/16
Exports, USD billion 346.5 466.3 297.2 392.7 515.4 527.4 523.3​ 497.8 340.3 60.2 1-3/16
Imports, USD billion 223.1 288.7 183.9 245.7 318.6 335.8 341.3 ​308.0​ 194.1  37.9 1-3/16
Current account, 
USD billion
72.2 103.9 50.4 67.5 97.3 71.3 34.8​ 58.4​ 67.2 11.7  Q1/16
Unemployment, %
(end of period)
6.0 7.6 8.0 7.0 6.0 5.1 5.6​ 5.3​ 5.8 5.9 4/16
Population, million pers.  
(end of year)
142.8 142.7 142.8 142.9 143.0 143.3 143.7​ ​146.3 146.5    
1) Annual averages.
Sources: Rosstat, CBR.
Fiscal indicators for federal government
(% of GDP unless otherwise indicated; end-year/period figures for debt)
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 as of
Revenues 23.4 22.5 19.5 17.9 20.3 20.7 19.5​ 20.3​ 18.5  15.1 1-3/16
Expenditures 18.0 18.4 24.8 21.9 19.8 20.9 20.0​ 20.8 21.2  18.8  1-3/16
Surplus 5.4 4.1 -5.4 -4.0 0.5 -0.2 -0.5​ -0.5​ -2.6  -3.7  1-3/16
Central government debt 7.2​ 6.5​ 8.3​ 9.0​ 9.5 10.5 11.3​ 14.4​ 13.6  
External debt 2.7 1.9 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.8 3.0​ 2.8​ 2.3  
External debt, USD billion 35.8 28.2 29.5 32.2 33.6 53.5 61.7 41.6 30.0 30.2  Q1/16
Oil funds, USD billion1 156.8 225.1 152.1 113.9 112.0 150.7 176.0​ 159.1 121.7 118.8 4/16
1) Incl. the Reserve Fund and the National Welfare Fund.
Sources: Ministry of Finance (budget, central government debt and stabilisation fund), CBR (external debt).
Monetary indicators
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 as of
Inflation, %, y-o-y 11.9 13.3 8.8 8.8 6.1 6.6 6.5​ 11.4 12.9 7.3 4/16
M2, %-change y-o-y 47.5 1.7 16.3 28.5 22.3 11.9​ 14.6​ 2.2 11.5  12.0  3/16
Average wage, USD1 531​ 696​ 588​ 690 795​ 857 935​ 842 553 545 4/16
Average wage, EUR1 388 475 422 520 572 667 704 638 498 480 4/16
Deposit interest rate, % 5.2 7.0 8.2 4.9 5.7 6.1​ 5.1​ 12.29 8.43 7.46 3/16
Lending interest rate, % 10.8 15.5 13.7 9.1 9.3 9.4 9.4​ 18.31​ 13.80 13.24 3/16
Forex reserves, USD billion
(incl. gold)
476.4 427.1 439.0 479.4 498.6 537.6 509.6 385.5 368.4  391.5  4/16
Crude oil, Urals,
USD/barrel1
69.50 94.06 60.93 78.11 109.60 110.75 108.31​ 97.88 51.45 45.28 4/16
RUB/USD exchange rate
(end of period)
24.55 29.38 30.19 30.48 32.20 30.50 32.89 58.93 73.99 64.27 4/16
RUB/EUR exchange rate
(end of period)
35.93 41.44 43.46 40.33 41.67 40.33 45.32 72.34 80.67 73.23 4/16
1) Annual averages; end of period data for current year.
Sources: Rosstat, CBR, Bloomberg.


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