Euro coins in pictures – National sides, 20 cent


National sides

  • 20 cent, Austria
    This design features the Belvedere Palace, one of the most beautiful baroque palaces in Austria. It was here that the treaty re-establishing the sovereignty of Austria was signed in 1955, making its name synonymous with freedom.
  • 20 cent, Belgium

    Belgium's euro coins were designed by Jan Alfons Keustermans, Director of the Municipal Academy of Fine Arts of Turnhout. There are two series of coins in circulation. Both are valid.

    The first series depicts King Albert II in the inner part of the coin, while the royal monogram - a capital "A" underneath a crown - among 12 stars, symbolising Europe, as well as the year of issuance appear in the outer part.

    In 2008, Belgium slightly modified the design in order to comply with the European Commission's guidelines. The coins of the second series also show King Albert II, but the royal monogram and the year of issuance now appear in the inner part of the coin, as do the mint marks and the country code for Belgium, "BE".

  • 20 cent, Cyprus
    Featured on the 10, 20 and 50-cent coins is the Kyrenia ship, a trading vessel which dates back to the fourth century BC and a symbol of Cyprus's seafaring history and its importance as a centre of trade.
  • 20 cent, Estonia
    The design for the national side of Estonia's coins is the same for all denominations. It features a geographical image of Estonia and the word "Eesti", which means "Estonia"
  • 20 cent, Finland
    1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50-cent coins: these show the Finnish heraldic lion in a reproduction of a design by the sculptor Heikki Häiväoja. The heraldic lion in a variety of designs has been used on several Finnish coins over the years, for example on the 1 markka coins between 1964 and 2001.
  • 20 cent, France
    10, 20 and 50-cent coins: the theme of the sower is a constant in the history of the French franc. Designed by Laurent Jorlo, "this modern, timeless graphic represents France, which stays true to itself, whilst integrating into Europe".
  • 20 cent, Germany
    10, 20 and 50-cent coins: the Brandenburg Gate, a symbol of the division of Germany and its subsequent unification, is the motif used on these coins. The perspective of the design, by Reinhard Heinsdorff, emphasises the opening of the gate, stressing the unification of Germany and Europe.
  • 20 cent, Greece
    This coin commemorates Ioannis Capodistrias (1776-1831), a leading national and European politician and diplomat who became the first Governor of Greece (1830-31) following the Greek War of Independence (1821-27).
  • 20 cent, Ireland
    The Government of Ireland decided on a single national design for all Irish coin denominations. They show the Celtic harp, a traditional symbol of Ireland, decorated with the year of issue and the inscription "Éire" - the Irish word for Ireland. The harp shown was designed by Jarlath Hayes.
  • 20 cent, Italy
    Portrayed on this coin is a sculpture by Umberto Boccioni, leader of the Italian futurist school.
  • 20 cent, Latvia
    The 20 cent coin shows the large coat of arms of the Republic of Latvia. The designer is Laimonis Šēnbergs.
  • 20 cent, Luxembourg

    Yvette Gastauer-Claire designed the coins by agreement with the Royal Household and the Luxembourg Government.

    All the Luxembourg coins bear the profile of His Royal Highness Grand Duke Henri. They also bear the year of issue and the word "Luxembourg" written in Luxembourgish ("Lëtzebuerg").

  • 20 cent, Malta
    The 10, 20 and 50-cent coins bear the Emblem of Malta, a shield displaying a heraldic representation of the Maltese national flag and supporting a mural crown that represents the fortifications of Malta and denotes a city state. The shield is bounded on the left by an olive branch and on the right by a palm branch, symbols of peace traditionally associated with Malta, forming a wreath tied at its base by a ribbon which carries the inscription "Repubblika ta' Malta" (Republic of Malta).
  • 20 cent, Monaco

    There are two series of coins in circulation.

    The first series depicts, on the €2 coin, HSH Prince Rainier III. A double portrait of HSH Prince Rainier III and HSH Hereditary Prince Albert appears on the €1 coin. The 10, 20 and 50-cent coins depict the Prince’s seal. The coat of arms of the Sovereign Princes of Monaco is shown on the 1, 2 and 5-cent coins.

    The second series shows, on the €2 and €1 coins, a portrait of HSH Prince Albert II. HSH Prince Albert’s monogram is depicted on the 10, 20 and 50-cent coins. The coat of arms of the Sovereign Princes of Monaco is the main feature of the design on the 1, 2 and 5-cent coins.

  • 20 cent, Portugal
    10, 20 and 50-cent coins: these depict the royal seal of 1142 as the centrepiece of the design.
  • 20 cent, San Marino
    Saint Marinus, based on a canvas of the Guercino school, is depicted on this coin.
  • 20 cent, Slovakia
    The 10, 20 and 50 cent coins show Bratislava castle and the national emblem of Slovakia.
  • 20 cent, Slovenia
    Lipizzaner horses form the central feature of this design.
  • 20 cent, Spain
    10, 20 and 50-cent coins: Miguel de Cervantes, the father of Spanish literature, is shown on these coins, reflecting "the universality of the man and his work".
  • 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50-cent coins: Queen Beatrix is shown in profile encircled by the inscription "Beatrix Queen of The Netherlands" in Dutch.
  • 20 cent, Vatican City

    There are three series of Vatican City coins in circulation.

    The first series, bearing the effigy of His Holiness John Paul II, was issued between 2002 and 2005.

    The second series, first issued in June 2005, shows the coat of arms of the Cardinal Chamberlain, the interim Head of the State of Vatican City, superimposed on the emblem of the Apostolic Chamber in the centre of the coin. The upper part of this design is surrounded by the semicircular words "SEDE VACANTE" and the year of issue in Roman numerals, i.e. "MMV". The mintmark ("R") is located between the coat of arms and the year of issue. The designer's name, "D. LONGO", appears on the lower left-hand edge of the central design, while the respective engraver's initials appear on the lower right-hand edge, namely "MAC inc" (on the 1 and 20-cent coins), "LDS inc" (on the 2 and 50-cent coins), "ELF inc" (on the 5 cent and €1 coins) and "MCC inc" (on the 10 cent and €2 coins). Twelve stars are depicted in a semicircle around the upper half of the outer edge of the coin, while the lower half bears the words "CITTÀ DEL VATICANO", again set in a semicircle.

    The third series, issued in April 2006, shows His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI and the legend "CITTÀ DEL VATICANO". To the right of his portrait are the year ("2006") and the mint mark ("R"). To the left are the designer’s initials ("DL").


© European Central Bank