In February 2023, the year-on-year rate of growth of the stock of households’ housing loans[1] (EUR 107.9 billion) slowed down to 0.6%, having stood at 3.8% just a year earlier. Annual growth has slowed down due to decreasing drawdowns of housing loans. In February 2023, the stock of buy-to-let housing loans (EUR 8.7 billion) contracted 0.1% year-on-year, in stark contrast with a growth rate of almost 8% in March 2022. The rate of growth of the owner-occupied housing loan stock (EUR 99.1 billion) has also slowed down significantly, to 0.7%.

The drawdowns of new housing loans remained sluggish in February. In February 2023, new drawdowns of housing loans amounted to EUR 980 million. The last time housing loan drawdowns were this low in February was in 2003. In February 2023, the average interest rate on new housing loan drawdowns was 3.80%. The average interest rate on buy-to-let housing loans (4.05%) was higher than that of owner-occupied housing loans (3.78%).

In February 2023, 95% of new housing loans were linked to Euribor rates. Other reference rates are seldom used as reference rates for housing loans. As interest rates have risen, the popularity of the most common reference rate, the 12-month Euribor, has decreased in favour of shorter-term Euribor rates. In February 2023, 60% of new housing loans were linked to the 1-year Euribor, 18% to the 6-month Euribor and 17% to the 3-month Euribor. The average interest rate on new housing loans linked to the 1-year Euribor was 4.10%, in comparison to 3.59% on loans linked to the 6-month Euribor and 3.14% on loans linked to the 3-month Euribor.

According to a separate bank survey, 25% of the housing loan stock[2] was hedged against an increase in interest rates with a separate hedging product. In addition, 2.5% of the housing loan stock[3] consisted of fixed-interest rate loans. Interest rate hedges dampen the rise of the average interest rate on the housing loan stock. At the end of February 2023, the average interest on the housing loan stock was 2.38%.





At the end of February 2023, Finnish households’ loan stock comprised EUR 16.9 billion in consumer credit and EUR 18.2 billion in other loans.

Drawdowns of new loans[4] by Finnish non-financial corporations in February totalled EUR 1.4 billion, whereof loans to housing corporations amounted to EUR 390 million. The average interest rate on new corporate loan drawdowns declined from January, to 4.21%. At the end of February, the stock of loans granted to Finnish non-financial corporations stood at EUR 104.7 billion, whereof loans to housing corporations accounted for EUR 42.6 billion.



At the end of February 2023, the stock of Finnish households’ deposits totalled EUR 110.2 billion, and the average interest rate on these deposits was 0.35%. Overnight deposits accounted for EUR 99.4 billion and deposits with agreed maturity for EUR 5.2 billion of the total deposit stock. In February, Finnish households made EUR 970 million of new agreements on deposits with an agreed maturity, at an average interest rate of 2.20%.


Loans and deposits to Finland, preliminary data
  December, EUR million January, EUR million February, EUR million February, 12-month change1, % Average interest rate, %
Loans to households, stock 143,629 143,245 142,831 0,8 2,95
    - of which housing loans 108,526 108,058 107,783 0,6 2,38
    - of which buy-to-let mortgages 8,770 8,736 8,715   2,56
Loans to non-financial corporations2, stock  104,889 104,867 104,655 5,3 3,16
Deposits by households, stock 111,793 110,918 110,225 0,0 0,35
Households' new drawdowns of housing loans 1,071 0,846 0,979   3,80
    - of which buy-to-let mortgages 94 77 81   4,05

* Includes loans and deposits in all currencies to residents in Finland. The statistical releases of the Bank of Finland up to January 2021, as well as those of the ECB, present loans and deposits in euro to euro area residents and also include non-profit institutions serving households. For these reasons, the figures in this table differ from those in the aforementioned releases.
1 Rate of change has been calculated from monthly differences in levels adjusted for classification and other revaluation changes.  
2 Non-financial corporations also include housing corporations.



For further information, please contact:

Markus Aaltonen, tel. +358 9 831 2395, email: markus.aaltonen(at),

Ville Tolkki, tel. +358 9 183 2420, email: ville.tolkki(at)


The next news release on money and banking statistics will be published at 10:00 on 3 May 2023.


Related statistical data and ‑graphs are also available on the Bank of Finland website at


[1] Some banks recorded changes in the market value of interest rate hedges in the balance sheet item for which an interest rate hedge agreement had been signed between the bank and the customer. As interest rates rose, the revaluation adjustments recognised in the housing loan stock reduced the size of these banks’ housing loan portfolios. Due to a change in reporting practices, in December 2022, these items were no longer reported in the balance-sheet item covered by the interest rate hedge agreement. In the most recent publication, the change has been implemented in the reporting history since 2022M03. The change increased the housing loan stock in March–November 2022.

[2] At the end of June 2022.

[3] At the end of June 2022.

[4] Excl. overdrafts and credit card credit.