Expository studies (previously A Series) are pragmatic publications, which cover financial issues that are, for example, connected to Economic and Monetary union or the integration of financial markets.

Expository studies can be read in PDF format on our website. They may also be ordered via email from the Bank of Finland. 

Some of the publications are also available in print. The publications may also be borrowed from the Bank of Finland Library.

ISSN 1798-1069 (online)
ISSN-L 1798-1050 (print)

Nos 1-35 in Finnish and Swedish only): ISSN 0081-9476 (out of print);
Nos 36 - 92 (mainly Finnish): ISSN 0355-6034 (out of print);

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