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    Bank of Finland, Rauhankatu 19 B, Helsinki

BOFIT Seminar - Shulong Kang (Dongbei University of Finance and Economics): Fertility Cost, Intergenerational Labor Division, and Female Employment


China has set to increase the minimum retirement age, to ease the pressure from pension expenditure and the falling labor supply caused by the aging population. However, policy debates have so far neglected the crucial fact that families in China largely rely on retired grandparents for childcare. Using novel and high-quality survey data, we demonstrate that intra-family downward labor transfer towards childcare significantly increases young females’ labor force participation rate and their labor income, and such effects do not exist for males. Furthermore, we show that the positive effects from grandparental childcare are higher for better-educated, urban females with younger children. This paper thus reveals a large, hidden cost in the new retirement policy — the reduced feasibility of grandparental support, due to postponed retirements, may crowd out productive labor of young females, — and rationalizes a series of social protection policies to accompany the phase-in of the new retirement scheme.


BOFIT seminars are open to all researchers interested in the subjects covered.Those wishing to attend a seminar are kindly asked to register in advance, by email bofit(at)bof.fi or tel. +358 9 183 2268.

Seminars take place, as a rule, on Tuesdays, starting at 10.30 a.m.  Visitors are escorted to the seminar room from the Rauhankatu 19 B (Library) entrance.