Current account turned negative in March

The current account posted a deficit of over EUR 0.3 bn in March 2011. A year earlier the current account deficit totalled EUR 0.2 bn. In BOP terms, the trade account posted a deficit of almost EUR 0.2 bn in March, the same as a year earlier. In the first quarter of 2011, the value of exports of goods increased by 31% compared with the first quarter of 2010, whereas the value of imports of goods increased by 28%. Finland’s exports of goods to non-euro area countries, such as Russia, Sweden and the United States, increased substantially in the first quarter of 2011. Growth in imports of goods has been more broad based, but is still largely concentrated on EU but also on Russia and Norway.

The income account was almost in balance in March 2011 owing to outward dividend payments on portfolio investment. Outward dividend payments on portfolio investment usually occur in April and May.

Finland's current and trade account

Finland's current and trade account

Finnish residents’ external assets exceeded external liabilities

At the end of March 2011, Finnish residents’ external (foreign) assets exceeded external liabilities by over EUR 12 bn. External assets totalled EUR 548 bn, and external liabilities were EUR 536 bn. Finnish residents’ external assets have increased by over EUR 100 bn from end-2009 to end-March 2011. The largest growth, almost EUR 90 bn, was recorded by monetary financial institutions (MFIs) and employment pension institutions.

However, when equity items are excluded, Finnish residents’ external liabilities exceed external assets. At end-March 2011 the net international investment position excluding equity items was a negative EUR 50 bn. From end-2009 to end-March 2011, Finland’s negative position excluding equity items has grown by over EUR 14 bn. The majority of the growth is due to increased government borrowing.

Finland's net international investment position

Net international investment position

In connection with this BOP bulletin, new information (Table) is published on external assets of key Finnish investor sectors1 broken down by country. The data will be updated monthly. At the end of March 2011, Finnish key investor sectors’ main target countries for investment were the United Kingdom, Denmark and Sweden. The share of these countries in the sectors’ total stock of outward investment was EUR 191 bn, ie about 48%. Key investor sectors’ investment in GIIPS countries2 amounted to over EUR 24 bn at end-March 2011. GIIPS account for about 6% of the sectors’ total stock of investment. Within the GIIPS, the most investment was in Ireland, mainly in investment funds registered in Ireland. Investment funds use the money to invest in other countries.
1 Credit institutions, investment and money market funds, insurance corporations and employment pension institutions.
Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal and Spain.

Investment in GIIPS countries by key Finnish
investor sectors 2010/II-2011/I

Finnish residents repatriated capital from foreign portfolio investment in the first quarter of 2011

Finnish residents’ foreign portfolio investment assets decreased by EUR 2.8 bn, while portfolio investment liabilities increased by EUR 1.3 bn in the first quarter of 2011.

Finnish residents reduced their holdings of foreign debt securities but invested more in fund shares. Investment in fund shares increased by EUR 1.8 bn in the first quarter of 2011. Of the domestic investor sectors, employment pension institutions increased their foreign portfolio investment most, by about EUR 1.6 bn, whereas MFIs and the central government reduced their investments by about EUR 4.7 bn.

Foreign investors increased their holdings of debt securities issued by banks, the sales of which abroad totalled EUR 2.9 bn. In contrast, foreign investors reduced their holdings of Finnish shares by about EUR 0.7 bn in the first quarter of 2011. Finnish non-financial corporations’ portfolio investment liabilities declined by about EUR 1.3 bn in the first quarter of 2011. The central government’s foreign portfolio investment liabilities declined by EUR 0.8 bn. Of the domestic sectors, only the MFIs recorded an increase in foreign portfolio investment liabilities in the first quarter of 2011.



Finland's balance of payments
Year 2010,
EUR million
February 2011,
EUR million
March 2011,
EUR million
12 month moving sum, EUR million
Current account 5,636 462 -336 5,817
    Goods 3,382 214 -163 3,700
    Services 2,151 22 -34 1,955
    Income 1,721 375 9 1,780
    Current transfers -1,618 -148 -148 -1,618
Capital account 184 15 15 184
Financial account -3,316 416 790 -4,902
    Direct investment -3,459 -433 -98 -4,633
    Portfolio investment -7,872 3,069 2,687 -3,491
    Other investment 6,716 -2,593 -990 3,217
    Reserve assets 1,661 604 -495 1,047
    Financial derivatives -362 -231 -314 -1,041
Errors and omissions -2,503 -894 -470 -1,100

 The statistics become final more than two years after the end of the reference year.

More information
Jaakko Suni tel. +358 10 831 2454, email firstname.lastname(at)

The next balance of payments bulletin will be published at 10 am on 15 June 2011.

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