In January 2023[1], drawdowns of student loans totalled EUR 335 million, a decline of 4% on January last year. The average interest rate on the student loans drawn down in January 2023 was 2.24%. The interest rates on new student loan drawdowns have risen since January 2022, when the average interest was 0.09%. Loans linked to Euribor rates accounted for 88% of all the new drawdowns, and the average interest on these was 2.26%. Out of the new drawdowns of Euribor-linked student loans, 75% were tied to the 6- or 12-month Euribor.

The stock of student loans has grown at a brisk pace in recent years, although the annual growth rate has moderated steadily. At the end of the January 2023, the stock of student loans stood at EUR 6.0 billion, with an annual growth rate of 9.0%. This was the lowest annual growth rate since November 2014. The stock of student loans has almost doubled since the reform of student financial aid that came into effect in 2017.

In addition to larger loan tranches as a result of the student financial aid reform, the stock of student loans has also been augmented by an increase in the number of borrowers. The total number of people with outstanding student loan debt has grown rapidly in recent years. According to the statistics of the Social Insurance Institution, in the academic year 2021–2022 there were 515,000 people with student debt, when three years earlier there were 80,000 less.





Finnish households drew down new housing loans in January 2023 to a total of EUR 0.8 billion, or EUR 570 less than in January last year. Of the total, EUR 80 million were housing loans for investment property. The average interest rate on new housing loans rose from December, to 3.58%. At the end of January 2023, the stock of housing loans stood at EUR 108.1 billion, and the annual growth rate of the loan stock was 0.0%. Investment property loans accounted for EUR 8.7 billion of the housing loan stock. At the end of January 2023, the stock of loans to Finnish households comprised EUR 17.0 billion in consumer credit and EUR 18.2 billion in other loans.

Finnish non-financial corporations drew down new loans[2] in January 2023 to a total of EUR 1.9 billion, of which EUR 420 million were loans to housing corporations. The average interest rate on the new drawdowns rose from December, to 4.26%. At the end of January 2023, the stock of loans to Finnish non-financial corporations stood at EUR 104.9 billion, of which loans to housing corporations accounted for EUR 42.5 billion.



At the end of January 2023, the stock of deposits of Finnish households amounted to EUR 110.9 bn, and the average interest rate on the deposits was 0.29%. Of the total, overnight deposits accounted for EUR 100.6 billion and deposits with agreed maturity for EUR 4.4 billion. In January, households made EUR 860 million of new agreements on deposits with agreed maturity, at an average interest rate of 1.98%.


Loans and deposits to Finland, preliminary data
  November, EUR million December, EUR million January, EUR million January, 12-month change1, % Average interest rate, %
Loans to households, stock 142,778 143,629 143,245 0,3 2,73
    - of which housing loans 107,717 108,526 108,058 0,0 2,16
    - of which buy-to-let mortgages 8,776 8,770 8,736   2,31
Loans to non-financial corporations2, stock  106,539 104,889 104,867 5,8 2,97
Deposits by households, stock 112,031 111,793 110,918 1,4 0,29
Households' new drawdowns of housing loans 1,180 1,071 0,846   3,58
    - of which buy-to-let mortgages 84 94 77   3,83

* Includes loans and deposits in all currencies to residents in Finland. The statistical releases of the Bank of Finland up to January 2021, as well as those of the ECB, present loans and deposits in euro to euro area residents and also include non-profit institutions serving households. For these reasons, the figures in this table differ from those in the aforementioned releases.
1 Rate of change has been calculated from monthly differences in levels adjusted for classification and other revaluation changes.  
2 Non-financial corporations also include housing corporations.



For further information, please contact:

Usva Topo, tel. +358 9 183 2056, email: usva.topo(at)

Markus Aaltonen, tel. +358 9 183 2395, email: markus.aaltonen(at)


The next news release on money and banking statistics will be published at 10:00 on 30 March 2023.


Related statistical data and graphs are also available on the Bank of Finland website:


[1] The loan amount for the spring semester became available for drawdown in January.

[2] Excl. overdrafts and credit card credit.