In January 2024,[1] drawdowns of student loans totalled EUR 279 million, representing a decline of 17% on the corresponding period last year. This was the lowest level of new student loan drawdowns in January since 2018. The average interest rate on student loans drawn down in January 2024 was 4.46%, which was 2.22 percentage points higher than in January last year. This is the highest average interest rate on new student loan drawdowns since November 2008.

Euribor-linked loans accounted for 86% of all student loan drawdowns, and the average interest rate on these loans was 4.52%. Banks’ own reference rates have become more popular in new student loan drawdowns. In January 2024, 14% of new student loan drawdowns were linked to prime rates, or banks’ own reference rates, as opposed to 5% in January 2022. The average interest rate on new drawdowns linked to banks’ own reference rates (4.04%) was slightly lower than that on Euribor-linked ones.

The rapid growth of the student loan stock has levelled off. At the end of January 2024, the stock of student loans amounted to EUR 6.2 billion, and its annual growth rate was 4.0%. The last period with slower year-on-year growth was September 2011. While the stock has grown rapidly in recent years, the annual growth rate has been in a stable decline due to decreasing drawdowns and student loan compensations paid by Kela.[2] The stock of student loans has more than doubled since the student aid reform in 2017. In addition to the larger loan instalments following the reform, the student loan stock has also been boosted by an increase in the number of borrowers.[3]


Higher interest rates reduced the demand for student loans



New drawdowns of housing loans by Finnish households amounted to EUR 0.8 billion in January 2024, which is EUR 40 million less than in the same period a year earlier. Buy-to-let mortgages accounted for EUR 90 million of the new housing loan drawdowns. The average interest rate on new housing loans decreased from December, to stand at 4.36% in January. At the end of January 2024, the housing loan stock totalled EUR 106.4 billion, and its year-on-year growth amounted to -1.5%. Buy-to-let mortgages accounted for EUR 8.6 billion of the housing loan stock. At the end of January, Finnish households’ loan stock included EUR 17.8 billion of consumer credit and EUR 17.7 billion of other loans.

In January, Finnish non-financial corporations drew down new[4] loans worth EUR 1.8 billion, including EUR 490 million of housing corporation loans. The average interest rate on new corporate-loan drawdowns rose from December, to 5.58%. At the end of January, the stock of loans granted to Finnish non-financial corporations stood at EUR 107.1 billion, whereof housing corporation loans accounted for EUR 44.0 billion.



At the end of January 2024, Finnish households’ aggregate deposit stock totalled EUR 108.2 billion, and the average interest rate on these deposits was 1.25%. Overnight deposits accounted for EUR 68.8 billion and deposits with agreed maturity for EUR 11.6 billion of the total deposit stock. In January, Finnish households made new agreements on deposits with agreed maturity in the amount of EUR 1,470 million, at an average interest rate of 3.40%.


Loans and deposits to Finland, preliminary data*
  November, EUR million December, EUR million January, EUR million January, 12-month change1, % Average interest rate, %
Loans to households, stock 141,151 141,418 141,807 -1.2 4.63
    - of which housing loans 106,524 106,698 106,351 -1.5 4.08
    - of which buy-to-let mortgages 8,638 8,621 8,627   4.28
Loans to non-financial corporations2, stock  106,306 105,794 107,126 1.8 4.77
Deposits by households, stock 107,987 108,673 108,211 -2.4 1.25
Households' new drawdowns of housing loans 1,237 1,337 810   4.36
    - of which buy-to-let mortgages 95 85 89   4.53

* Includes loans and deposits in all currencies to residents in Finland. The statistical releases of the Bank of Finland up to January 2021, as well as those of the ECB, present loans and deposits in euro to euro area residents and also include non-profit institutions serving households. For these reasons, the figures in this table differ from those in the aforementioned releases.
1 Rate of change has been calculated from monthly differences in levels adjusted for classification and other revaluation changes.  
2 Non-financial corporations also include housing corporations.


For further information, please contact:

Usva Topo, tel. +358 9 183 2056, email: usva.topo(at)

Tuomas Nummelin, tel. +358 9 183 2373, email: tuomas.nummelin(at)


The next news release on money and banking statistics will be published at 10:00 on 2 April 2024.


Related statistical data and graphs are also available on the Bank of Finland website:


[1] The spring semester loan instalment became available for drawdown in January.

[2] In 2022, student loan compensations approximately EUR 87.8 million, and in 2015–2021 they totalled approximately EUR 226.5 million (in Finnish).

[3] According to statistics published by the National Pensions Institute Kela, the number of persons with student debt amounted to 525,000 during the academic year 2022–2023, whereas the number was 63,000 lower three years earlier.

[4] Excl. overdrafts and credit card credit.